newborn_footprints_identificationMany important issues related to human rights have an international day, such as the World Refugee Day on 20th June and the Human Rights Day on 10th December. In addition, 16th September has become the International Identity Day as of this year, due to the ID4Africa campaign.

Why exactly has 16th September been chosen? It is due to the Point 16.9 of Sustainable Development Goals: ’By 2030, providing legal identity for all, including birth registration’, so the date refers to this point.

We cannot enough emphasize the significance of identity from the birth already. For us, for Europeans, for Hungarians, it is natural that our new citizens’ data are recorded by different authorities, but this process is not as centralized everywhere in the world as in our country. It is obvious, that citizens who are not included in the population register, will not receive adequate medical care, vaccinations, they will be excluded from education and from aid system, they cannot exercise their voting rights and leave the country legally; they will actually be ’invisible’ to the public administration of their own countries. 

And technically there is no obstacle to registering all inhabitants of the Earth and providing them with identity document which can be a tool for exercising their fundamental rights. Nowadays the biometric personal identification is a common practice. ’Blockchain’ is considered to be an innovation, but we already have examples of its application. At the end of 2018 it was published that in India the one-month-old Divit Biyanit was registered in a blockchain-based registry system. The authenticity of information and the accurate identification of persons constitute key-issues in public administration, therefore the blockchain based on network consensus seems to be an excellent solution for data and document storage. Peculiarity of this technology lies in the fact that state leaders have to agree about the launching conditions only, and then there will be technical obstacles to violating the rules, consequently it is impossible to ’tamper’ the system or alter the data, and leaders of the country can at most decide to terminate the system. Blockchain can principally be an IT solution for those countries where the state was not able to establish or effectively operate centralized systems, since the legal system they know is partly or entirely missing. However, this method begins to get foothold in the field of birth registration not only in India. The first digital graduates finished their studies in 2019; they can access their documents certifying their educational level on a blockchain-based platform.

We at ANY Security Printing Company every day work on to manufacture identity documents and certificates equipped with adequate anti-counterfeiting protection (birth certificates, ID cards, driving licenses, passports), and moreover, we ensure the relevant IT background system; from the biometric data recording to the infrastructure required to use services related to the document and validate rights.